Gasoline is the dominant fuel for ground transportation. In the United States alone, over 140 billion gallons of gasoline were used in 2016 according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Unfortunately, the drilling, refining, distribution and combustion of gasoline releases tremendous amounts of carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere. For every billion gallons of gasoline consumed, approximately 12 million tons of CO2 are released into the atmosphere.
For over a century, scientists have been searching for a clean and cost-effective way to manufacture renewable fuels.
Historically, the only renewable fuels that have been both technically feasible and cost-effective to produce have been ethanol produced from food, primarily corn and sugar cane. This is because the sugars derived from these plants, and subsequently fermented to produce ethanol, are readily available. However, the use of food crops to produce fuel raises significant ethical and environmental issues.
Xyleco has invented technology to produce cellulosic ethanol.
An independent engineering firm conducted an ISO conformant comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) of Xyleco's patented process on a “cradle-to-grave” basis and concluded that the global warming potential of Xyleco ethanol is 83% lower than gasoline, 77% lower than corn ethanol and 40% lower than sugarcane ethanol. For every billion gallons of gasoline displaced by Xyleco ethanol, approximately 10 million tons of CO2 will be prevented from being released into the atmosphere. For more information click here.
Xyleco’s technology will enable the production of cellulosic ethanol and other alternative advanced cellulosic fuels at commercial scale in compliance with the major “low carbon” and similar fuel standards. For example, Xyleco ethanol will comply with the standards required to generate D-3 RINs under the U.S. Federal Renewable Fuel Standards and to qualify as a “low carbon fuel” under the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard, which programs may result in up to an additional $4 per gallon above the normal market price.
Xyleco is actively negotiating with collaborators on the global adoption of its cellulosic fuel technologies.